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Lima is the capital of Peru located in the central, coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. If you travel to Peru, you’ll see llamas everywhere. Particularly in the highlands. In the Sacred Valley children as young as four and five can be seen with baby llamas, as it is the custom for Peruvian children to raise the llamas for their wool.
The wool produced by a llama is very soft and lanolin-free. They are intelligent and can learn simple tasks after a few repetitions. Llamas are social animals and live with other llamas in a herd. When used as a pack animal, llamas can carry up to 30% of their body weight for 5-8 miles and are willing pack animals – to a point. An overloaded llama will just plain refuse to move. These animals often lie down on the ground, and they may spit, hiss, or even kick at their owners until the burden lessened.
Using llamas as livestock guards in North America began in the early 1980s, and some sheep producers have used llamas successfully since then. They are used most commonly where larger predators, such as the coyote, are prevalent.